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Всего найдено: 1541
Общие вопросы
Бельгия
Дюборг О. Уровень коррупции в Бельгии и меры борьбы с ней. Экономика. Право. Печать. Вестник КСЭИ. 2012. № 1-2 (53-54). С. 108-112.

В Бельгии, как и в других развитых странах мира одним из активных субъектов, выявляющих коррупцию во всех структурах власти, являются независимые средства массовой информации. Некоторые эксперты в качестве важнейшей стратегии борьбы с коррупцией называют обеспечение свободы средств массовой информации и возможности получения ими информации. Реализация этой задачи связывается с принятием законов о свободе передачи информации, позволяющих осуществлять журналистские расследования, законов, запрещающих всякую цензуру и обеспечивающих финансовую независимость средств массовой информации от правительства. 

Скворцова Е.А. Правовые механизмы противодействия коррупции в странах Европы. Вестник Федерального арбитражного суда Московского округа. 2013. № 2 (15). С. 128-133.
Болгария
Bulanova G. From Sofia to Brussels – corrupt democratization in the context of European integration. Romanian Journal of Political Science. 2008. Vol. 8. Iss. 1. Pp. 53-67.
Chiru M., Gherghina S. When voter loyalty fails: party performance and corruption in Bulgaria and Romania. European Political Science Review. 2012. Vol. 4. Iss. 1. Pp. 29-49.

This article identifies the determinants of party loyalty while making a distinction between government and opposition voters within an electoral cycle in the two most recent European Union members (Bulgaria and Romania). Both countries are characterized by the perception of widespread corruption and a general distrust of politicians that are likely to hinder the development of strong ties between citizens and parties. We test the explanatory potential of both traditional and revisionist theories of partisanship, suggesting that perceptions of corruption should be treated as equal to evaluations of actual performance. The statistical analysis of comparative study of electoral systems survey data emphasizes the salience of party performance evaluations for party loyalty. Corruption perceptions are significant predictors of loyalty in the Bulgarian case. Voters in both countries assess critically the performance of their preferred party whether it was part of the government or in opposition. A significant difference arises between government and opposition voters with regard to the predictive potential of identification conceptualized as closeness to a party. 

Emerson S.M. Corruption in Bulgaria. Public Integrity. 2006. Vol. 8. Iss. 1. Pp. 65-76.
Hardy A. Fighting corruption in Croatia with the prospect of European Union membership: on the non-sustainability of EU conditionality in policy fields governed by the soft acquis communautaire and lessons learned from the previous enlargements to Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania. Romanian Journal of Political Science. 2010. Vol. 10. Iss. 2. Pp. 63-95.
Johannsen L., Pedersen K.H. For the common good: combating corruption in new EU member states. Journal of Comparative Politics. 2011. Vol. 4. Iss. 1. Pp. 91-110.

Corruption is a problem of collective action. The fight against corruption came on the international agenda in the 1990s. The core of the recommendations from International organizations and scholars is to establishment of anti-corruption agencies with the aim of increasing the risk of detection and punishment to individual who engage in corrupt affairs. However, despite condemnation by all cultures, individuals and societies can be socialized into a culture of corruption where the benefits of partaking in corruption will exceed those of being honest. It is thus not sufficient to change individual incentives without also seeking to change behavioural norms. Through a comparison of Estonia, Poland and Bulgaria it is shown that there is no ’miracle cure’. Anti-corruption agencies are important but effectiveness presumes economic reform, a well functioning system of justice and a credible public condemnation of corruption. An efficient anti-corruption policy is multi-faceted employing instruments simultaneously with each instrument conditioned on the others. 

Krastev I. How to control corruption in Southeastern Europe: the case of Bulgaria. Journal of Southeast European & Black Sea Studies. 2002. Vol. 2. Iss. 1. Pp. 119-(?).
Palidauskaite J. Codes of ethics in transitional democracies. Public Integrity. 2006. Vol. 8. Iss. 1. Pp. 34-48.
Pashev K.V. Corruption and accession: evidence from public procurement in Bulgaria. Public Management Review. 2011. Vol. 13. Iss. 3. Pp. 409-432.
Pook L.A. Impact of corruption on the development of information and communications infrastructures in Bulgaria and Romania. Journal of East-West Business. 2008. Vol. 14. Iss. 1. Pp. 101-113.
Popova M. Why doesn’t the Bulgarian judiciary prosecute corruption? Problems of post-communism. 2012. Vol. 59. Iss. 5. Pp. 35-49.
Schüler S. Erseheinundsformen und Hintergründe politischer Korruption im Heutigen Bulgarien / Characteristics and backgrounds of political corruption in present-day Bulgaria. Suedosteuropa-Mitteilungen. 2011. Vol. 51. Iss. 5/6. Pp. 52-68. На немецком языке.
Stoyanov A. Administrative and political corruption in Bulgaria: status and dynamics (1998-2006). Romanian Journal of Political Science. 2008. Vol. 8. Iss. 1. Pp. 5-23.

Corruption, particularly in the high echelons of power, is one of the most serious problems faced by Bulgaria on the eve of its accession to the European Union. The problem has remained on the monitoring agenda for Bulgaria and extensively commented by the EC in its monitoring and evaluation reports in the last 2-3 years. In a period of three years subsequent to EU membership the government and the European Commission will report on the progress in countering administrative and political corruption in the country. 

Whitton H. Developing the “ethical competence” of public officials – a capacity-building approach. Viešoji Politika ir Administravimas. 2007. № 21. Pp. 49-60.

Traditional notion of 3E (economy, efficiency and effectiveness) in public administration is trans- formed into 4E adding the ethical aspect of public servants activities. Author argues that the profes- sionalism in contemporary public service is inevitably associated with ethical competence. Subject-matter knowledge, attitude and commitment, advocacy, reasoning, problem-solving, self-awareness and consensus-building skills are the core elements of such competence. Training public servants in- office a video based training methodology may be effective tool reaching the desired results. Applica- tion of such training method is described in the paper analyzing the experience of the transitional so- cieties (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Bulgaria). 

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